Image of an indoor marijuana grow
 
Oregon has to decide how it will power the growth of legal marijuana
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Dive Brief:

  • Oregon's electric utilities are steeling themselves for an anticipated spike in demand after marijuana becomes legal for recreational use after July 1, Oregon Capital Insider reports.

  • Well-known as an energy hog when grown indoors, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC) estimates four plants draw as much power as 29 refrigerators.

  • The state is considering efficiency measures, but federal money that typically pays utilities to convince consumers to use less cannot be directed towards cannabis operations...

Dive Insight:

Oregon has to decide how it will power the growth of legal marijuana, when laws allowing residents to grow up to four plants go into effect this summer. But marijuana's quasi-legal status — a few states have legalized it while the federal government has not — means utilities will not be able to offer efficiency measures which are typically paid for by federal funds.
 
The issue is not just one Oregon is dealing with. Much of the Pacific Northwest gets its power from the Bonneville Power Administration, a federal agency which makes the arrangement even more dicey. The NPCC report estimated that regional demand from producers in Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington, could reach almost 250 MW by 2035.
 
Oregon Capital Insider spoke with Rachel Wray, a representative for the Oregon Department of Energy, who said the legal issue is complicating the state's plan to reduce energy use.
 
"We don’t have answers to that yet, which is why we’re looking at it so carefully,” Wray told the outlet. "It is an emerging energy issue and we pay attention to those.”
 
Further complicating the issue, consumer-owned utilities taking power from BPA often do so at reduced rates because of their small customer base. If those providers attract pot growers, it could raise rates for all power consumers. Just how much of an increase in demand utilities will see as a result of the legalization, and whether it will raise prices for all, is not yet clear.
 
The city of Boulder, Colorado, where pot is also legal for recreational use, has enacted a carbon tax on the plant. But Capital Insider reports Oregon is not yet considering anything similar.
 
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